Wine (Wine Is Not an Emulator) is an open-source application that provides compatibility with running software developed for Microsoft Windows on Unix-like operating systems. With the help of Wine, you can run Windows software on a Linux system. Wine 5.0 is the latest version available for installation on Ubuntu systems.

The Winehq team provides PPA for installing Wine on Ubuntu systems. So we will use official wine PPA for the package installation.

This tutorial describes you to how to install Wine on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS systems. To install wine on previous Ubuntu version follow this article.

Prerequisites

You must have sudo privileged account access to Ubuntu 20.04 LTS system.

Step 1 – Setup Wine PPA

First of all, The systems running with the 64-bit architecture need to enable 32-bit architecture.

sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 

Then, download and add the repository key to your system.

wget -qO - https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key | sudo apt-key add - 

After that, use the following commands to enable the Wine apt repository in your system.

sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ focal main' 

Step 2 – Install Wine on Ubuntu 20.04

Your system is ready for Wine installation. Use the following commands to install Wine packages from the apt repository. The --install-recommends option will install all the recommended packages by winehq stable versions on your Ubuntu 20.04 system.

sudo apt update 
sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-stable 
In any case, you face an unmet dependencies error with the installation process, use the following commands to install wine using aptitude on Ubuntu.

sudo apt install aptitude 
sudo aptitude install winehq-stable 

That’s it. This will install Wine on your Ubuntu 20.04 system along with all required packages.

Step 3 – Test Wine Version

Wine installation has been completed successfully on your Ubuntu system. Use the following command to check the version of wine installed on your system.

wine --version 

wine-6.0

Step 4 – Using Wine (Optional)

To use wine we need to login to the GUI desktop of your Ubuntu system. After that Download a windows .exe file like PuTTY on your system and open it with Wine as below screenshot or use following command.

wine ~/Downloads/putty.exe 

You can also launch the application by right click on the file and selecting Open With Wine Windows Program Loader. If you don’t see this option, check this option under “Open With Other Application”.

Launch application with Wine

During the first startup, Winehq configure user specific environment.

Winehq initial configuration

After that, It will prompt you to install some required dependencies. You can install or skip them based on your requirements.

Winehq install mono

Finally, the application will start with Wine.

Running exe with Wine on Ubuntu

Due to the initial configuration, Wine will take some time to start application at first. The subsequent application launch will be quicker than the first time.

Conclusion

This tutorial helped you to install and use Wine on Ubuntu 20.04 Linux systems.