FFmpeg is a cross-platform solution for streaming audio and video as well as recording and conversion. It’s also useful to convert multimedia files between various formats. FFmpeg includes libavcodec audio/video codec library in it.

install ffmpeg on Ubuntu

This tutorial will help you to install FFmpeg on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS & 16.04 LTS systems with easy steps.

Step 1 – Setup FFmpeg PPA

FFmpeg 4 is the latest available version for installation on Ubuntu. To install the latest version, you need to configure PPA on your system. Execute below command to add FFmpeg PPA on Ubuntu system.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:jonathonf/ffmpeg-4

This PPA contains packages for Ubuntu 18.04 (Bionic) and 16.04 LTS (Xenial) only.

Step 2 – Install FFmpeg on Ubuntu

After enabling the PPA, Lets exec below commands to install ffmpeg on Ubuntu system. This will also install many packages for the dependencies.

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ffmpeg

Step 3 – Check FFmpeg Version

After successfully install FFmpeg, let’s check the version installed on the system.

ffmpeg -version

ffmpeg version 4.2.2-0york0~16.04 Copyright (c) 2000-2019 the FFmpeg developers
built with gcc 5.4.0 (Ubuntu 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.12) 20160609

Step 4 – FFmpeg Basic Commands

Here is the list of the FFmpeg basic command options used with FFmpeg command-line tool.

FFmpeg command examples

    ffmpeg -version: show version
    ffmpeg -formats: show available formats
    ffmpeg -codecs: show available codecs
    ffmpeg -decoders: show available decoders
    ffmpeg -encoders: show available encoders
    ffmpeg -bsfs: show available bit stream filters
    ffmpeg -protocols: show available protocols
    ffmpeg -filters: show available filters
    ffmpeg -pix_fmts: show available pixel formats
    ffmpeg -layouts: show standard channel layouts
    ffmpeg -sample_fmts: show available audio sample formats

Click here to read more about ffmpeg on its official site.

Step 5 – Basic Examples

Below are some examples of uses of ffmpeg command line.

Reduce .mov File Size:

ffmpeg -i in.mov -c:v libx264 -c:a copy -crf 20 out.mov

Convert .move To .mp4

ffmpeg -i in.mov -vcodec copy -acodec aac -strict experimental -ab 128k out.mp4